The road network in Italy is expansive enough to cover most of the country, but recently a large portion of the network is under construction that is due for completion in 2012. Expect to pay a toll on most roads in Italy and be aware for construction zones. Be wary when driving in Italy as Italians seem to drive by their own rules and some parts of major cities don't allow cars to pass through. Beware when driving near historical centers in Italian cities. Some areas of the city have been deemed a Limited Traffic Area which means only authorized vehicles are allowed to travel within these zones. When vehicles enter these zones, a picture is taken of the license plate and if the license plate number isn't registered with the municipal police, a violation fine is sent to the vehicles owner. Traffic drives on the right and you must be 18 to operate a motor vehicle. Vehicles are required to carry an emergency red warning triangle and full insurance coverage is mandatory for all rental cars.
Traveling by Rail:
Rail transportation is by far the best way to move about Italy as the network connects all major towns and cities to one another. Italy offers different types of trains depending on the distance one needs to cover. For longer journeys there is an option for a high speed train, albeit at a higher price. Shorter to medium length travels are cheaper but don't move as rapidly. Overall train fares are cheap in Italy in comparison to other countries, and booking ahead can save you even more money.
Traveling by Bus:
Traveling by bus in Italy is a cheap option and sometimes a better option than going by train, especially on shorter trips. The overall network of bus service isn't as expansive as the train network, but the bus system does allow access to a lot of points of interest to the visitor. Local tour and charter companies can be arranged for informative tours.
Traveling by Boat:
With an expansive coastline, Italy offers numerous ferry and hydrofoil transportation options. Regular ferries connect mainland Italy with surrounding Mediterranean islands as well as international ports. Scenic cruises are also a very popular option in Italy and offer great views on this historic country. A great way to spend an afternoon in Italy is to cruise around one of the many lakes and take in the views of the picturesque towns located lakeside.
Traveling by Taxi:
Taxi service is available throughout Italy.
Government regulated taxis will either be white or yellow, and can be
expensive to hire with additional fees for luggage and night driving.
In Venice there is the option of water taxi, but that is an expensive
tourist trap that can be avoided by taking a public ferry. Tipping a
cab driver isn't customary but a small tip is appreciated if the service