Getting Around Australia
Traveling by Road:
Australia features a very comprehensive road network and traveling by car is the best way to see this vast country. Road conditions are excellent around the populated areas but can be in states of disrepair the further from town you travel. Be especially cautious during the summer months of November through February as this period sees more rain than other times of the year, making roads susceptible to flooding. Distances between towns can be very large, so make sure that if you are planning long distance road trips, that your car is in good condition and you take extra supplies with you such as water, food and repair equipment. Also make sure your car is equipped with a Kangaroo Bar if you plan on doing any driving in the outback as a collision with these large animals can prove to be fatal.
Traveling by Rail:
Australia does feature a rail network but it isn't the most comprehensive. The rail system does connect most major towns and cities together, some of the train rides can be very long. Due to the length of such rail trips, you can expect the trains to be very comfortable and have the option of traveling in luxurious first class. Traveling by rail can be expensive, but you are rewarded with beautiful scenery and a time to relax and take in everything that this country has to offer. Rail service is available for both long haul and short trips. There is a twice-weekly service running from east coast Sydney to west coast Perth, which takes 3 days and 3 nights and covers 2700 miles.
Traveling by Bus:
The bus network in Australia is extensive but should be used as a last option for travel or an option if you are on a tight budget. Bus travel is cheap but you get what you pay for. Bus rides can be very long and the bus seat might not be the most comfortable seat for a long ride, so take note of this before booking. The bus network connects most major towns and cities together, and is also available for long distance cross-country travel.
Traveling by Boat:
Even considering the huge coastline that Australia boasts, traveling by water isn't as readily available as one would think. There are regular ferries and boats that link the mainland country with all the surrounding islands, and a few river charters available, but most water transportation is used as a tourist activity such as sightseeing and fishing tours.
Traveling by Taxi:
Taxis are available in most major towns and cities and are a great way to move about the town. Taxis all have a meter in them to keep track of the fare and drivers do not expect a tip, but there may be small extra fees for luggage and airport services.